Ingrid Bergman (who is Ingrid Bergman?)

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Ingrid Bergman (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982) was a renowned Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films. She won three Academy Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, four Golden Globe Awards, a BAFTA Award, and a Tony Award, making her one of the most honored actresses in cinematic history.

Early Life and Career Beginnings

Born in Stockholm, Ingrid Bergman lost her parents at a young age and was raised by relatives. Her passion for acting emerged early, and she attended the Royal Dramatic Theatre's Acting School in Stockholm. Her film debut came with a role in the Swedish film "Munkbrogreven" (1935).

Hollywood Career

Bergman's Hollywood debut was in "Intermezzo" (1939), the American remake of her 1936 Swedish film, which caught the attention of producer David O. Selznick. Her natural, unpretentious style and beauty made her instantly popular with American audiences.

She starred in a number of successful films, including:

  • "Casablanca" (1942): Perhaps her most famous role, playing opposite Humphrey Bogart.
  • "Gaslight" (1944): For which she won her first Academy Award for Best Actress.
  • "Spellbound" (1945): A collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock.
  • "Notorious" (1946): Another Hitchcock film, where she starred alongside Cary Grant.
  • "Joan of Arc" (1948): This role earned her a second Oscar nomination, though not a win.

Italian Film Career and Scandal

In 1949, she began work with Italian director Roberto Rossellini, which marked a turning point in her career and personal life. Their affair, which resulted in a son, Roberto Ingmar Rossellini, caused scandal in the United States as both were married to other people at the time. The affair led to Bergman being denounced on the floor of the U.S. Senate.

The films she made with Rossellini were critically acclaimed in Europe but didn't fare well in the US. These films include "Stromboli" (1950), "Europe '51" (1952), and "Journey to Italy" (1954).

Return to Hollywood and Further Success

After her marriage to Rossellini ended, Bergman returned to Hollywood in the 1956 film "Anastasia," which earned her a second Academy Award for Best Actress. She continued to act in both films and stage productions.

Notable later works include:

  • "Indiscreet" (1958): With Cary Grant.
  • "The Inn of the Sixth Happiness" (1958).
  • "Murder on the Orient Express" (1974): For which she won her third Oscar, this time in the Best Supporting Actress category.

Alongside movies, Bergman also performed on stage and won the 1960 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her role in "The Constant Wife."

Personal Life

Bergman was married three times: to Petter Aron Lindström (with whom she had a daughter, Pia), to Roberto Rossellini (with whom she had a son, Renato, and twin daughters Isabella and Ingrid), and to Lars Schmidt, a Swedish producer.

Death and Legacy

Ingrid Bergman passed away on her 67th birthday, August 29, 1982, due to breast cancer. Bergman's legacy in film is immortalized by her passionate, intelligent performances and is encapsulated by the numerous awards and nominations she received throughout her career. Today, she is remembered as one of the most talented and influential actresses of her time.

For further reading and more detailed information, here are a couple of useful resources:

  1. Ingrid Bergman - IMDb
  2. Ingrid Bergman - Biography
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