Katharine Hepburn (who is Katharine Hepburn?)

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Katharine Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was a distinguished American actress known for her fierce independence and spirited personality. She was born in Hartford, Connecticut, and was the daughter of a suffragist and a doctor. Her legacy in the entertainment industry spans over six decades, during which she received numerous accolades for her work in film, television, and theater.

Early Life and Education: Hepburn was born into a progressive family that encouraged education and enlightenment. She attended Bryn Mawr College, where she decided to become an actress after performing in a college production, which led her to pursue a career in the performing arts.

Career: - Stage Career: Hepburn's career began on stage, with her Broadway debut in the play "Night Hostess" in 1928. She continued to appear on stage throughout her life, including playing a memorable role in "The Philadelphia Story," which was tailored especially for her. - Film Career: Katharine Hepburn’s Hollywood debut was in the film "A Bill of Divorcement" (1932). Despite her early success, her career had ups and downs, and she was labeled "box office poison" after a series of flops in the late 1930s. However, she made a remarkable comeback with the film "The Philadelphia Story" in 1940. - Collaborations with Spencer Tracy: Hepburn is well-known for her on- and off-screen partnership with actor Spencer Tracy. The pair made a total of nine movies together, including "Woman of the Year" (1942) and "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967).

Critical Acclaim and Acting Style: Hepburn was celebrated for her headstrong and sophisticated roles. She received 12 Academy Award nominations for Best Actress—a record for any performer—and won four Oscars for her performances in "Morning Glory" (1933), "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967), "The Lion in Winter" (1968), and "On Golden Pond" (1981). Her acting style was marked by her patrician demeanor, distinctive voice, and the embodiment of what many would call the "modern woman."

Personal Life: Katharine Hepburn was private about her personal life. Her relationship with Spencer Tracy lasted 26 years until his death in 1967, even though Tracy remained married to his wife. Hepburn never remarried after her brief marriage to Ludlow Ogden Smith early in her career, and she had no children.

Later Years and Legacy: In her later years, Hepburn took on fewer roles but continued to act into her 80s, including television movies, which garnered her Emmy Awards. Her autobiography, "Me: Stories of My Life," published in 1991, offered insights into her personal life and career.

Death: Katharine Hepburn passed away on June 29, 2003, at the age of 96, due to natural causes. She left behind a legacy as one of the most respected and talented actresses of her time.

Recognition and Honors: - In the American Film Institute's 1999 ranking, Hepburn was named the "Greatest Female Star of Classic Hollywood Cinema." - She has been inducted into the Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame.

For further detailed information about Katharine Hepburn's life and career, you may wish to consult resources such as her autobiography, biographies written about her, or various archives and databases that house information about her extensive work.

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