Shirley Temple (who is Shirley Temple?)

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Shirley Temple was an American actress, singer, dancer, and later in her life, a diplomat. Born on April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California, she began her film career in 1932 at the age of three and quickly became one of the most well-known child stars in Hollywood history.

Early Career

Temple started her career in the series of short films called "Baby Burlesks." By 1934, she had transitioned to feature films with "Stand Up and Cheer!" Her lively singing, dancing, and acting charmed audiences during the difficult years of the Great Depression.

Rise to Stardom

Her breakthrough role came in the film "Bright Eyes" (1934), which featured her famous song "On the Good Ship Lollipop." It was through her performances in movies like "Curly Top" (1935) and "The Little Colonel" (1935) that she gained international fame. During her early years, Shirley Temple was recognized for her ability to capture hearts with her optimism and spirit.

Impact on Cinema and Popularity

Temple was known as America's sweetheart, and at the height of her fame, she was a symbol of hope and joy. She was credited with saving 20th Century Fox from bankruptcy during the 1930s. Her box-office appeal was so strong that she was the top box-office draw from 1935 to 1938.

Personal Life and Education

As she grew older, Shirley Temple's popularity waned slightly, and she retired from film in 1950 at the age of 22. She married John Agar in 1945, when she was 17, and they had one child before divorcing in 1949. She later married Charles Alden Black in 1950, with whom she had two children.

Interestingly, Temple was also intelligent and focused on her education. She attended Westlake School for Girls and later took some courses at Stanford University.

Transition to Diplomacy

After her retirement from Hollywood, she became engaged in politics and international affairs. She ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1967 but later held several diplomatic positions. This includes serving as:

  • The United States Ambassador to Ghana (1974-1976)
  • Chief of Protocol of the United States (1976-1977)
  • The United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (1989-1992)

Later Life and Legacy

Temple received numerous awards and honors, including the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award in 2006. She also authored an autobiography titled "Child Star" in 1988 that details her experiences in Hollywood.

Shirley Temple Black, as she became known after her marriage, passed away on February 10, 2014, at the age of 85. She left behind a legacy as both an iconic child star who provided light during a dark time in American history and as a respected diplomat who served her country in the international arena.

Her influence on cinema, especially in how child actors are regarded and treated, remains significant. To this day, she is remembered not only as the curly-haired adorable child star singing and dancing her way into the hearts of millions but also as a woman who successfully transitioned from Hollywood stardom to a career in public service.

For more detailed information about her career and personal life, visit: - Shirley Temple's IMDb Page - Biography of Shirley Temple

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